Security misconfiguration, just like insecure design, is an umbrella term referring to a number of exploits and security flaws. Most applications you build will have a whole host of buttons and levers to push—configurations, in this case—and sometimes, one of those elements could be improperly configured. Cryptography is one of most common ways to secure sensitive data that needs to be transported or stored. In fact, cryptography as a technique has existed in many forms for thousands of years, often involving complex mechanical locks and ciphers. The modern kind we deal with today are used to protect secrets like passwords, credit card information, etc. Web application security is difficult to learn and practice.
Using the same messages for every outcome helps prevent account enumeration attacks on password recovery, registrations, and API paths. Multi-factor authentication must be used wherever feasible to avoid automated credential stuffing, brute-force attacks, and the reuse of stolen credentials. Implementation flaws can lead to vulnerabilities, even when the design is secure. File transfer protocol and simple mail transfer protocol should be avoided when transferring sensitive data.
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All of this needs to happen in a safe and legal environment. The OWASP Top 10 list of web application security risks has seen some changes to the categories over the years. How OWASP creates its Top 10 list of the most critical security risks to web applications. Most breach studies show time to detect a breach is over 200 days, typically detected by external parties rather than internal OWASP Top 10 Lessons processes or monitoring. A web app security breach can cost you and your organization a lot and it will hurt your business’s reputation. And even if applications are becoming more and more secure, attackers are always finding new flaws. Who can forget one of the most sophisticated cyber attacks in history — the SolarWinds hack that was all over the news in late 2020-early 20221?
The usage of cloud services and particularly complex architectures can increase the severity of vulnerability to SSRF. Logs create a lot of noise — make sure that your logs are formatted for compatibility with log management systems.
years of lessons
A primary platform with no unessential features, components, documentation, or demonstrations decreases the likelihood of configuration vulnerabilities. On the other hand, a flawed design cannot be compensated for by a flawless implementation as necessary security safeguards do not exist to defend against specific threats. Utilizing LIMIT and other SQL constraints inside queries is a great way to avoid massive data exposure in the case of a SQL injection. You should use robust, salted and adaptive hashing algorithms with a delay factor to store passwords, like scrypt, Argon2, PBKDF2 or bcrypt. OWASP’s latest list explains which threats are most likely to hit enterprises in 2022 and how to protect against them. The State of Cloud LearningLearn how organizations like yours are learning cloud. When each risk can manifest, why it matters, and how to improve your security posture.
It is updated every few years as risks change and new ones emerge. The list explains the most dangerous web application security flaws and provides recommendations for dealing with them. The Open Web Application Security Project is a nonprofit foundation that works to improve the security of software. OWASP maintains a variety of projects, including the Top 10 web application security risks standard awareness document for developers and security practitioners. Server-Side Request Forgery flaws occur whenever a web application fetches a remote resource without validating the user-supplied URL.
Ensure you register every login, access control, and server-side validations failure with enough information to identify suspicious or malicious activities easily. Store your logs long enough to be able to do a forensic analysis when needed. This includes everything from legacy operating systems and database management systems to APIs and libraries. Passwords should never be stored in online databases, period. This type of vulnerability often happens when no specific credential-related security tactics are discussed and agreed upon during the architecture and design phase. Clear text is clearly a no-go for storage and, even worse, for data transmission. It’s like serving an attacker your customers’ sensitive data on a silver plate.
Implement a secure development lifecycle involving your application security from the beginning and including security integration tests. Ensure that a code review is included in your development process to identify new injection flaws before releasing your application. Using object relational mapping tools that will enable you to avoid writing SQL queries to build your API. If you prefer, you can also opt for parameterized queries so that the goal of a query remains unchanged even if the attacker inserts a malicious SQL command. A malicious code is added into a form or a webpage to execute unauthorized commands or access additional, sensitive records. The structure and malicious data in dynamic queries or stored procedures are included in the SQL code injection.